Located at the foot of the biblical Mount Ararat, Armenia is considered the cradle of civilization; this “open-air museum” where you can find the world’s oldest shoe and wine-press, is also home to the world’s longest aerial tram. This millennial land boasts 10 climate zones and a diversity of untouched landscapes to enchant even the most avid traveler.
The capital city of Yerevan is a bustling cosmopolitan center where the cafe culture rules. Its thriving arts and culture scene offers the full range of concerts, festivals and more. From great jazz to world class symphony and ballet; from state-of-the-art technology to ancient archeological sites — you can enjoy it all here. In Armenia, a whole new world is yours to discover!
Humans have inhabited the Armenian Plateau and Caucasus region since over 100,000 years ago; drawings in caves and on rocks attest to their existence. The Bible records that Noah’s Ark came to rest on Historic Armenia’s Mt. Ararat, and there are many references of his descent from the mountain after the Great Flood. Archeological and historical facts point to the development of civilization in the region around 980 BC. Various rulers built capitals in the area, such as around Lake Van in the thirteenth century BC and Erebuni, built by Argishti I in 782 BC, the ruins of which are preserved today in the Armenian capital of Yerevan. Legend says that the Armenian patriarch Hayk defeated the evil Assyrian ruler Bel in an epic battle to win his people’s freedom. The land Hayk’s people occupied came to be known as Hayastan, the name still used to this day. Under King Tigran II of the Artashesian dynasty, in the first century B.C., Armenia encompassed lands stretching as far east as the Caspian Sea and as far west as the Mediterranean Sea.
A former republic of the Soviet Union, Armenia is a unitary, multiparty, democratic nation-state with an ancient and historic cultural heritage. The Kingdom of Armenia became the first state in the world to adopt Christianity as its religion in 301 AD. The modern Republic of Armenia recognizes the Armenian Apostolic Church, the world’s oldest national church, as the country’s primary religious establishment. Armenians have their own unique alphabet invented by Mesrob Mashtots in 406 AD. The current Republic of Armenia is a landlocked mountainous country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran to the south.